Sciatica is a often described as pain traveling into the legs. It is caused by irritation of one of the five spinal nerves or by compression on the sciatic nerve itself. Pain, numbness, or tingling can be felt in the low back, buttocks, thigh, leg, or foot.
Lumbar disc bulges, disc herniations, and spinal stenosis often cause compression on the spinal nerves, creating irriaction of the sciatic nerve. In about 15% of the population, the sciatic nerve passes through a muscle in the pelvis call the piriformis muscle. When this occurs, it is referred to a piriformis syndrome.
Sciatica is diagnosed with a thorough patient history, physical and orthopedic examination, and neurological testing. While x-rays can sometimes see the effects of a collapsed disc, an MRI is usually most diagnostic for sciatic caused by disc herniations.
Dr. Brandon Nevel of Sport & Spinal Rehab is a chiropractor in Jupiter, FL treating sciatica. Sciatica can be successfully treated with chiropractic, physical therapy, and spinal decompression.